Posted on May 24 2020
As of 2020 researchers have identified 113 different cannabinoids found in cannabis. Until now, studies have been focused on only two: CBD and Delta-9 THC. Recently, scientists have begun to broaden their research. Studies are currently being done on the following five cannabinoids.
1. Delta-9 THC, (typically referred to as just "THC"), produces a psychoactive effect, which causes the user to feel "high", but according to researchers, feeling high is not the only effect of Delta-9 THC. Scientists are finding evidence that ingesting THC can help relieve pain, address digestion system issues, and elevate mood. In states where medical marijuana use is legal, patients who suffer from Parkinson's, epilepsy, and sleep apnea, among other issues, report relief from using products that contain THC.
2. The second most well-known cannabinoid is CBD. CBD is kind of like the opposite of THC. Not only does it not cause any kind of psychoactive "high", but its presence is believed to counteract, what some see as the negative effects of THC. CBD has also been found to be a powerful anti-inflammatory, which means that it may be an effective pain reliever since inflammation equals pain. Those who use CBD also report feelings of reduced anxiety and stress, improved appetite, and more restful sleep.
3. CBG is also a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and is found in very small amounts in cannabis. Scientists believe that ingesting CBG may help those who are suffering from glaucoma, Crohn's disease, cancerous tumor growth, and irritable bowel syndrome.
4. CBN is technically classified as a psychoactive, although its effects are minimal compared to those of Delta-9 THC. CBN is created when THC is exposed to oxygen. Basically, as THC decreases, CBN increases. Early indications point to CBN as being potentially helpful as a sleep aid, and as a remedy to fight against the negative effects of arthritis.
5. CBC is drawing attention for it's potentially healing ability. Most importantly though, CBC is thought to play a part in neuorgenesis and neuroplasticity, which are key functions of brain health and function.
There is still much research that needs to be done when it comes to how cannabis may be used in the medical field. In fact, the surface has barely been scratched when it comes to understanding the versatility of the plant. Unfortunately, because marijuana is federally still considered a controlled substance in the United States, other countries are years ahead in terms of research. As our country continues to drag its feet, one must wonder how many of our citizens are suffering, or worse yet, dying, because they don't have access to this plant? Better yet, how is it right that someone who has chronic pain and lives in Colorado, has the option to access a plant, which has very few known side-effects to manage their pain, but someone with the exact same issue, living in Kansas, must choose from pharmaceutical options only, most of which are addictive and come with a long list of possible side effects?